Prisoner of Conscience since November 1st 2005 Amnesty International





Some of his Numerous Publications



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limat Ityopiawinet
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Addis Ababa, 1974
suffering book

A Vertical Study of the Predicaments of Peasants in North-Central Ethiopia
“Western observers often wonder how the Ethiopian people tolerate the exploitative and impoverishing situation in their country. What is the basis of their tolerance and quiet suffering? There is a deeply ingrained belief that god is the fountain of authority and power. He grants authority and power to rulers in accordance with the people’s actions in relation to him, i.e. God.
There are two aspects of this belief that are fascinating: First, people are prepared to accept, and in fact do accept, responsibility for their condition. This acceptance of responsibility however is not one that leads to social action, because the basis of the responsibility is personal rather than social. We should remember that it is the individual’s relationship to God that determines reward or punishment in the form of good and bad government. Secondly, this deeply rooted belief insulated those in power from any accountability to the people. In famine or war, the peasants almost never charge any government or institution with any responsibility. Nothing including their abject poverty and suffering happens without God’s will. Therefore, no human institution is responsible for their condition. This general outline suffices to explain the calm and dignified suffering of the Ethiopian peasants, indeed the Ethiopian people in general”  

African Mountains Association and University of Berne, Berne Switzerland, 1991


Ethiopia Keyet Wedyet
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Addis Ababa, 1994


The Horn of Africa Conflict and Poverty

A clear manifestation of the festering ethnic problem in Ethiopia is the fact that with the singular exception of the TPLF, all other ethnic parties are divided at least into two opposing groups, one group forming a surrogate for the TPLF and another group taking a more independent course. The situation has further extended and complicated the multiplicity and direction of conflict. The TPLF policy of divide and rule is deliberately creating situations of conflict in every region of the country.

kihdet YeKihedet Kulkulet
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atlas book

An Atlas of Ethiopia
Addis Ababa: n. pub.,1970.

Geography of Ethiopia

An Introductory Geography of Ethiopia
Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie I University, 1972.

Rural Vulnerability to Famine in Ethiopia Book Rural Vulnerability to Famine in Ethiopia, 1958-1977
Addis Ababa: Vikas and Addis Ababa University Press, 1984
The Ethio-Somalian Boundary Dispute Journal of Modern African Studies
London, 2, No. 2, July 1964, 189-219.